When projects are accepted, a list of the necessary materials relevant to its design is prepared, and if we have Wooden - Timber constructive elements in design, we will do it professionally. Drawing is developed in accordance with the design and the wooden - timber laminate is divided according to the drawing dimension. Wooden - timber material is mainly used in facades and interiors. But in exteriors we use wooden-laminate, wooden timber composites.
Once we face the building with, and mount these materials on the building, we pass to the next stage by isolating the walls and columns of our building. We use profiles to support the rear part of our wooden panels before placing them on the building. When all the work is performed, lacquer and the necessary chemicals are used on the Wooden-Timber material (if applicable).
In some cases, after some time, we review at sections where timber is used and use the necessary chemicals on the spot.
Denotes to design of protection of construction structures (concrete, reinforced concrete, steel, aluminium, wood, stone and chrysotillement) of the buildings and facilities from the effects of aggressive environments with a temperature of -50°C to +50°C. Protection of construction structures should be carried out by applying corrosion-resistant materials and by implementing constructive requirements (primary protection), by applying metal, oxide, lacquered, metal-lacquer and mastic covering, lubricants, sheets, coatings and other materials on the surface of the structures (secondary protection), as well as by applying electrochemical methods.
1. Steel structures
The columns and supporting walls of the building are reinforced with special steel structures. Metal supports and profiles are used.In comparison with alternative products, steel, lightweight construction materials, with high strength and durability, with more elastic structure and feathering properties, which are the most appropriate for each floor class and earthquake zone, are used. Production and installation term for steel construction elements is shorter than that of the other alternative structures. The steel construction structure provides a great advantage of economic profit and time compared to alternative structures in the initial work of basic buildings and reinforcement areas.
2. Protective structures made of extrusion panels and boards
Panel - sandwich panels provide heat, water, sound insulation and fire safety in buildings that meet the needs of the industrial sector and make life easier and comfortable. Being economically efficient, aesthetic and with high-quality, provides construction in a safe manner protected from the outside atmosphere. Recently, in our country it is used as indoor partitions or cold cameras in social and industrial structures, factories and warehouses, shopping centres and so on. as well as a cover material in many buildings.
We use a variety of materials and systems in our Facade-Front system.First of all, our architects are acquainted with the design of the project and then select the appropriate materials from the catalogue in accordance with the design and submit them to the customer and after the agreement is reached they manufacturing drawings are prepared and the materials are processed and assembled on the basis of these drawings.
1. Facade and decorative works - After preparation of the facade drawings, any material selected will be trimmed in the drawing on the building.
The main list of these materials is:
1. Composite Aluminium Panel
3. Facade stone coatings (Sinterflex, Porcelain gres, Marble, Aglay, etc.)
4. Facade Laminate
5. Glass vials on aluminium profile.
6. Door and window systems
7. Fibre concrete panels
In what section of the project we will have stations and technical rooms they are initially dropped in drawings. After determining the functionality of the place and the sizes in the project, the budget is calculated and accordingly, the equipment is examined and ordered to the companies.
Prior to the start of the construction, firstly the project is reviewed and the final decision is made with the customer.Once architecture solution of the project has been developed, its construction solution is prepared. Then design is prepared. Structure is determined according to the type of the construction. The design of the project is drawn up and the material list is prepared accordingly and ordered by the Project Architect.
1. Steel structures of buildings and facilities
Unlimited solutions in architecture make it possible to use the project in a much more aesthetic and perspective manner, without problems. The place provides a quick and trouble-free transition in changes involved and enlargement or reduction operations. If desired, all the steel carrier system is completely disassembled without losses and transported economically to any point of the world. Temporary storage is also provided for separation. All elements that form the structure can be manufactured with bolts and nuts. This demounting feature allows to prevent the loss of funds with minimum losses in disassembly, transportation, replacement, enlargement or reduction operations of the steel structure. As introduction and follow-up of the steel construction structure is continuously made, prevention of the high marking errors are provided, and the reliability and durability is maintained at the highest level with the tests in the computer environment.
Steel structures are widely used in almost each construction work. It may be the foundation and columns, ceilings and staircases, various partitions of the building and so on. FF Construction carries out all projects in accordance with engineering calculations and all standards. When the building loses its strength - building and other facilities needs reconstruction because of the decreased operational indicators of buildings due to objective reasons. At this time, the columns and supporting walls of the building are reinforced with special steel structures. Metal supports and profiles are used. Depending on the working conditions of the construction, on the type of rebars used, the requirements of the relevant categories are displayed for the crack resistance of reinforcing cement constructions: and works get started in the field in accordance with these requirements.
a) Category 1 - formation of cracks is prevented;
b) Category 2 – short-term and long-term limited opening of the crack width is permitted.
The categories of the requirements for the crack resistance of reinforced cement structures belong to normal and slanted cracks in the longitudinal axis of the element. Constructive measures should be taken in order to prevent opening of longitudinal cracks (installation of appropriate meshes), but in addition, in pre-stressed elements, the value of pressure tension in the concrete should be limited in the pre-compression stage.
Assessment of technical condition - We determine the degree of damage to building structures or buildings and facilities, and whether they are fit for use on the basis of comparison of quantifiable indicators with the indicators specified by the project and the normative document. The normative degree of technical condition – if the quantitative and qualitative indicators of all the criteria for assessing the technical condition of the building structures or buildings and facilities meets the requirements of the standard documents (SNiP, GOST, TU, CH, etc.) work begins. Modernization of the building - we carry out a special reconstruction, which envisages the renovation of the volumetric planning and architectural solutions related to the change of old buildings and morally depreciated equipment, in line with the new requirements for existing conditions of exploitation. The moral depreciation of the building is the gradual (over time) decline of the main operational characteristics of buildings and facilities from the level of modern technical requirements. Physical depreciation of the building means the necessity of reconstruction of the building and other facilities due to condition where the technical indicators and as result of these operational indicators of buildings do not meet the requirements, due to objective reasons. Buildings are previewed by our architects and on the basis of which measurements in place are taken and the Project's preliminary drawings get started.